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Other primary sources for a variety of financial data.

Other Primary Data Sources

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System  
Primary data source for commercial paper, selected interest and foreign exchange rates, reserves of depository institutions, money supply, consumer credit, commercial bank assets and liabilities, industrial production and capacity utilization, Flow of Funds, etc.


U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) 
Primary data source for national and regional employment/unemployment, national and regional employment cost indexes, national and regional consumer price indexes, national producer price indexes, import and export price indexes, productivity and costs.

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census (Census) — primary data source for:

1) Manufacturing and trade data, including: manufacturers shipments, inventories, and orders (SIO), preliminary report for all manufacturing as well as advance report on durable goods; Wholesale trade sales and inventories; Retail trade and food services sales; and Manufacturing and trade inventories and sales.

2) Housing and construction-related data, including new residential construction (housing starts and building permits, national and regional), new residential (single-family home) sales [national and regional, issued jointly with U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)], and construction spending (value of construction put in place).

National Association of Realtors: primary data source for existing single-family home sales (monthly for the nation and four major regions, quarterly for states).
News releases


U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)  
Primary data source for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and related data from the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA); Gross State Product (GSP); personal income (national, state, and local areas); international balance of payments and related data (including U.S. current account); and monthly international trade (joint with U.S. Bureau of the Census).


The Conference Board  
Primary data source for composite indexes (leading, coincident, and lagging), consumer confidence, help-wanted index.


Institute for Supply Management's Reports on Business  
Primary data source for national purchasing managers' index for manufacturing and business activity index for non-manufacturing.

Selected regional purchasing managers' reports: primary data sources for purchasing managers indexes for manufacturing activity in areas covered by the Seventh Federal Reserve District.
Metro Detroit