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Working Paper, No. 2022-39, September 2022 Crossref
Unusual Shocks in Our Usual Models

We propose an event-study research design to identify the nature and propagation of large unusual shocks in DSGE models and apply it to study the macroeconomic effects of the Covid shock. The initial outbreak is represented as the onset of a new shock process where the shock loads on wedges associated with the model's usual shocks. Realizations of the Covid shock come with news about its propagation, allowing us to disentangle the role of beliefs about the future of the pandemic. The model attributes a crucial role to the novel Covid shock in explaining the large contraction in output in the second quarter of 2020 and the rebound in growth expected at the same time. The Covid shock loads significantly on wedges that generate both demand and supply effects but, on net, supply forces dominate. The effects of Covid on hours worked are quite persistent, although the successive pandemic waves (e.g., the Delta wave) have a progressively smaller impact on the macroeconomy. Our methods provide a foundation to estimate structural models with data that include the pandemic without having to specify a micro-founded epidemiological block.

Working papers are not edited, and all opinions and errors are the responsibility of the author(s). The views expressed do not necessarily reflect the views of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago or the Federal Reserve System.


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